Christians and Politics (Reza University, Mashad)

Some ideas on the connection between Christianity and Politics.

The connection between the Christian religion and politics will not be a straightforward matter for dialogue, particularly if we take our start line from the Christian Scriptures – the New Testomony.

Whereas each the opposite ‘religions of the ebook’ (Judaism and Islam) noticed their sacred texts emerge in contexts the place the trustworthy had been in positions of political authority, the New Testomony was written at a time when the church was a persecuted minority with no political energy. Accordingly, whereas there may be loads of materials in each the Jewish Scriptures and within the Qur’an that illustrates how a state must be run in accordance with spiritual principals, there may be nothing comparable within the New Testomony. Quite the opposite, the one references within the New Testomony to political energy, recommend that it’s one thing that believers ought to keep away from having any affiliation with!

I think that the phrases of Jesus that the majority instantly come to thoughts when most Christians take into consideration His relationship with politics is Jesus’ response to the query of whether or not his followers ought to pay taxes to the Roman occupying energy. His response – “Render to Caesar the issues which can be Caesar’s; and to God the issues which can be God’s.” (Matthew 22:21) – means that God’s realm and the political realm are two separate spheres, and that one mustn’t intervene with the opposite.

I don’t doubt that verses like this have contributed to the present Western democratic dogma of the separation of church and state, and certainly that place is per different statements attributed to Jesus, resembling “my kingdom will not be of this world” (John 18:36), which is, considerably, stated to have occurred in dialog with the Roman procurator, Pontius Pilate – a person of appreciable political authority.

Whether or not phrases resembling these must be taken as forbidding Christian believers to hunt positions of political authority, or whether or not Jesus was simply making an attempt to maintain the non secular and political sphere’s distinct is open to debate. What’s much less ambiguous is that Jesus had an idea of management that was distinct from the mannequin displayed by the political leaders of his day.

“You recognize that those that are thought to be rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their excessive officers train authority over them. It isn’t to be so with you. As an alternative, whoever needs to grow to be nice amongst you have to be your servant” (Mark 10:42-43)

This command of Jesus is recorded in all three of the synoptic Gospels and is especially vital for our functions because it explicitly distinguishes between the accustomed method wherein political energy is exercised – the place rulers ‘lord it over’ their individuals – and the type of authority that Jesus Himself modelled, which was an authority embodied in service to others.

The language Jesus makes use of appears to be intentionally excessive. Actually, He says that we’re imagined to be the slaves of those that are beneath our authority, moderately than the opposite method round! As an alternative of manipulating these beneath our authority, we’re imagined to serve them.

Nations like mine nonetheless show the legacy of this educating within the titles we bestow upon our political leaders. We confer with our governmental leaders as ‘ministers’, which implies ‘servants’, and we confer with our strongest political chief because the ‘Prime Minister’, that means the primary amongst servants. Even so, we do not see quite a lot of servile conduct amongst the political management in my nation. Whatever the language, we lord it over one another simply in addition to ‘the gentiles’ of outdated ever did!

My studying of the New Testomony, and of Jesus’ life in addition to His teachings, is that institutional energy was one thing that Jesus Himself intentionally prevented, and whether or not or not He would have explicitly discouraged his followers from looking for political workplace, I believe it’s past query that Jesus anticipated His followers to not use positions of authority, if that they had them, to govern and exploit others.

That is apparent, and the opposite factor that’s equally apparent is that the church all through its historical past has paid scant consideration to Jesus’ educating on this topic! Quite the opposite, the church over the centuries has proven itself time and time once more to be as power-hungry and as manipulative as any of its secular counter-parts.

My feeling is that Constantine’s victory on the Battle of Milvian Bridge within the 12 months 312 was the start of the tip for the church! This was the battle by which the Christian faith was elevated from being an unlawful spiritual sect, present process common persecution from the authorities, to being the official faith of the empire.

Previous to Milvian Bridge, when you had been a Christian and also you obtained a go to from the native authorities, it might need been to have you ever arrested and fed to the lions. For those who obtained that go to after the victory of Constantine, it was most likely since you had been being supplied a privileged place within the new authorities!

I am not suggesting that it was a nasty factor that the persecution stopped, however the energy went to our heads! As Lord Acton rightly stated, “all energy tends to deprave and absolute energy corrupts completely”. The church grew to become too highly effective too rapidly and fell topic to corruption. Tragically, nowhere has that corruption been extra apparent within the historical past of the church than it its persecution of the opposite peoples of the ebook – within the appalling violence exhibited to each Jews and Muslims.

Recognising the historic failure of the church to interact creatively within the political course of, it stays to be requested what position the church ought to play in politics as we speak.

A well-liked answer amongst Protestant church buildings is to don’t have anything to do with Nation 24X7 politics. This method is grounded within the ‘two realms’ framework that I discussed earlier, and I agree that it is higher for the church to don’t have any involvement in any respect in issues political if the choice is one other Campaign or Holocaust. Even so, I do consider that there’s another between these two extremes, and it is discovered within the teachings of Jesus that I’ve already quoted: “whoever needs to grow to be nice amongst you have to be your servant” (Mark 10:42-43)

If the church is to interact with the political course of, we should accomplish that out of a need to serve these round us and, I believe, we should function as servants – in different phrases, from exterior positions of institutionalized energy.

We are inclined to assume that the one option to struggle a corrupt energy is with an equal energy that’s much less corrupt. The issue, in fact, is that every one energy does certainly are inclined to corrupt.

After I consider actions which have made for lasting and vital social change within the final century, three nice actions come instantly to thoughts:


  • The independence motion in India that was led by Mahatma Gandhi within the early twentieth century
  • The Civil Rights motion in the US of America, lead by Martin Luther King Jr. in the midst of the final century.
  • The Iranian Revolution within the late twentieth Century.


All three had been profoundly peaceable revolutions that prevented using violence to attain their political targets. All three actions had been deeply grounded in spiritual beliefs and had been headed up by non secular leaders who had been servants to their individuals.I do consider that as we speak, if we’re going to confront the darkish forces which can be at the moment threatening to tear our world to items, we want one other non secular revolution, led by non secular women and men, utilizing the non-violent weapons of prayer and self-sacrifice.

The correct path for the church, I consider, is obvious. The issue is that it has at all times been clear and but we, the church, have by no means had the braveness to observe it! I think that if we’re going to lastly show true to our calling at this late stage of human historical past, we are going to want the assist of different peoples of religion – assist from our Islamic and Jewish sisters and brothers most particularly.

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